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Associate Professor Alan Hodkinson


ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR AND CO-ORDINATOR -PGR STUDENTS
Disability Studies
0151 291 3275
Liberal Arts, Education and Social Sciences
hodkina@hope.ac.uk

I joined Liverpool Hope University in 2010 as an Associate Professor within the Centre for Cultural and Disability Studies. After completing my doctoral studies I shared my expertise with trainee teachers at Edge Hill University.In 2003, I moved to the University of Chester where, amongst other duties, I was subject leader for undergraduate Education Studies, taught on the M.Ed special needs programme and led the development of the Disability Studies undergraduate degree. In 2005, I became an executive committee member of the British Educational Studies Association (BESA). In 2007 I was invited to become a member of the review team that was set up by the Quality and Assurance Agency (QAA) to revise and update the Education Studies benchmark statements. I joined Liverpool John Moores University in 2007 as a principal lecturer in educational research and taught on the Education Studies and Special and Inclusive Needs programme, led the research methodology module at Masters level and was the coordinator for Research Informed Teaching initiatives across the Faculty. I am also a Fellow of the Historical Association and was a of their Primary Committee. At Liverpool Hope I  teach undergraduate and Master programmes within the area of SEN/D. I also  coordinate education Ph.D and E.D. students at research phase and am part of the university doctoral training team.

Research interests are in the representations of impairment and disability in textbooks and digital media employed within educational settings and the development of chronology in primary schools. I also have a keen interest in educational inclusion and special educational needs in relation to national and international policy and practice formulation.
Books & Chapters
Hodkinson, A. (2019) Key Issues in Special Educational Need, Disability and Inclusion (3/e). London: Sage.
Brown, Z. and Hodkinson, A. (2019) ‘Is it inclusion, or it is really integration? Inclusive practice for Children with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities in English mainstream primary settings’. In: Z. Brown (ed) Springer Handbook on promoting social justice in education. London: Springer, 
Hodkinson, A. (2019) ‘Pre-service teacher training and special educational needs in England 1978-2018. Looking back but moving forward?’ In Including Children and Young People with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities in Learning and life. How far have we come since the Warnock Enquiry – and where do we go next? London: Routledge.
Hodkinson, A. (2018) Korean Edition. ‘Colonising the internet. Disability and the cultural cleansing of space’. In: Bolt, David (ed.) Changing Social Attitudes Toward Disability: Perspectives from Historical, Cultural, and Educational studies. Abingdon: Routledge,
Hodkinson, A. and Vickerman, P. (2016) ‘Defining Inclusion’. In Zeta Brown (ed), Diversity and Inclusive Education. London: Routledge., 1-10.
Hodkinson, A. (2016) Inclusion and Special Educational Needs (2/e). London: Sage. (Sold 3000 copies to date)
Hodkinson, A. (2015) ‘School Textbooks: the avoidance of disability.’ In, Bolt, D. & Penketh, C. Avoidance in the Academy: Challenging Resistance. London: Routledge. 
Hodkinson, A. (2014) ‘Colonising the internet. Disability and the cultural cleansing of space’. In: Bolt, David (ed.) Changing Social Attitudes Toward Disability: Perspectives from Historical, Cultural, and Educational studies. Abingdon: Routledge, 121-131. 
Starczewska, A. & Hodkinson, A. & Adams, G. (2014). In C. R. Reynolds, K. J. Vannest, & E. Fletcher-Janzen (Eds.), Encyclopaedia of special education: A reference for the education of children, adolescents, and adults with disabilities and other exceptional individuals (4th ed). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.
O’Connor, M. Hodkinson, A. Burton, D. Torstensson, G. (2013) Pupil voice: Listening to and hearing the educational experiences of young people with behaviourial, emotional and social difficulties.  In Visser, J.  Transforming Troubled Lives: Key Issues in Policy, Practice and Provision. Abingdon: Routledge.
Hodkinson, A. and Vickerman, P. (2010). ‘The Development of SEN: From Benevolent Humanitarianism to the Halfway House of Integration’ in Weston, C. (2010) (Ed.) UEL Special Educational Needs and Inclusive Reader. London: Sage, pp. 55-72.
Hodkinson, A. and Vickerman, P. (2009). Education Studies Essential Issues: Inclusion and Special Educational Needs. London: Sage. (sold over 6,500 copies)
Peer Reviewed Papers
Hodkinson, A. Denzin, N. Stronach, I. Houston, E. Maslan, J. Rhodes, P. Adams, H. (In Press) 'Intertwangerlings': a multiple (auto) ethnography of journeys, gentle collisions- hard boundaries, statues, and tilt and turn gate/bridges at the 13th International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry. Qualitative Inquiry. 
Stronach, I & Hodkinson, A. (In Review), Can national identity ever have ‘fundamental values’? Proposed special edition International Review of Qualitative Research
Hodkinson, A. (In Press) “I don't drink coffee I take tea my dear. I like my toast done on one side.  I can feel it in my accent when I talk I’m a . . .   ”Fundamental ‘British’ Values. Radicalising ‘British’ children into a manufactured ‘them and us’ narrative concept of ‘British’ness.  A problematization from an Englishman at Liverpool Hope. (Proposed special edition International Review of Qualitative Research)
Hodkinson, A. (2019) The Unseeing Eye: Disability and the hauntology of Derrida’s ghost. A story in three parts.  Qualitative Inquiry. 
Hodkinson, A. & Smith, C. (2018) Chronology and the new National Curriculum for History- is it time to refocus the debate?, Education 3-13, 46(6), 700-711. (Special edition- invited contribution)
Beigi, A., & Hodkinson, A.  (2018) A comparative analysis of the cultural representation of disability in school textbooks in Iran and England. Education 3-13,3-13, 27-36.
Park, J. & Hodkinson, A. (2017 ) ‘Telling Tales’. An investigation into the representation of disability in classic children’s fairy tales. International Journal of Research in Education. 8(2), 48-68.
Hodkinson, A. & Burch, L. (2017) The 2014 Children and Families Bill and the Special Educational Needs Code of Practice. Employing embodiment to work old ideology into new policy straight jackets. Journal of Educational Policy.
Hodkinson, A. & Smith, C. ( commissioned) Chronology and the new National Curriculum for History- is it time to refocus the debate? Education 3-13.
Hodkinson, A. (In Press) The Unseeing Eye: Disability and the hauntology of Derrida’s ghost. A story in three parts.  International Review of Qualitative Research. 
Hodkinson, A. (2016) ‘Through the eyes of a child’. Constructions of impairment and disability in school reading schemes. Education 3-13. DOI:10.1080/03004279.2016.1168861
Hodkinson, A. (2015) Arab spring? Teachers and the anti-democratic employment of school cyberspace. IARTEM. 7(2): 1-21.
Hodkinson, A. (2015) “Safe Spaces” in Education- ghettos of marginalisation and dominance or places of equality and social justice? International Review of Qualitative Research, 8(2): 145-165.  
Chalhoub, F. Hodkinson, A. Ververi, O. (2014) Textbooks and the development of intercultural competence. The employment of British and American First Language Textbooks in South Lebanon. IARTEM – International Association of Textbooks and Educational Media Journal, 6(2), 21-37.
Hodkinson, A. & Beigi, A. (2014) The curious case of the school textbook: pedagogical support or covert tool of manipulation? Educationalfutures The Journal of the British Education Studies Association.6(2), 54-66.
Hodkinson, A. (2014) ‘Safe spaces’ – Electronic media, the internet and the representation of disability. IARTEM – International Association of Textbooks and Educational Media Journal, 6(1), 1-25. 
Hodkinson, A. (2013). All Present and Correct? Critical Studies in Education Policy, 11(4), 242-262.
Hodkinson, A. (2013) Colonisation, disability and the intranet: the ethnic cleansing of space? International Journal of Qualitative Inquiry, 19(6), 242-262.
Hodkinson, A. (2012) Illusionary inclusion – what went wrong with New Labour’s landmark educational policy? British Journal of Special Education, 39(1), 4-11.
Hodkinson, A. (2012) Inclusive education and the cultural representation of disability and disabled people within the English education system: the influence of electronic media. Journal of Research in Special Education Needs, 12(4), 252-262.
Starczewska, A. & Hodkinson, A. & Adams, G. (2012) Conceptions of Inclusion and Inclusive Education: a Critical Examination of the Perspectives and Practices of Teachers in Poland. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, 12(3), 162-169.
Hodkinson, A. (2012) ‘All present and correct?’ Exclusionary inclusion within the English educational system. Disability & Society, 27(5), 675-688. 
Wong. C. & Hodkinson, A.   (2012) Homophobia in primary schools: does it exist? E-Futures Journal of BESA. 4(2), 60-78.
Hodkinson, A. (2011). Inclusion: a defining definition? Power and Education,3(2), 179-185.
Stronach, I., & Hodkinson, A. (2011) Towards a theory of Santa. Or the ghosts of Christmas present. Anthropology Today. 27(6), 15-20.
O'Connor, M., Hodkinson, A., Burton, D. & Torstensson, G. (2011) Pupil voice - listening to and hearing the educational experiences of young people with Behavioural Emotional and Social Difficulties.  Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, 16(3), 289-302.
Hodkinson, A. and Devarakonda, C. (2011) ‘For pity’s sake: comparative conceptions of inclusion in England and India’. International Review of Qualitative Research, 4(2) 255-260.
Hodkinson, A. and Devarakonda, C. (2011) Conceptions of Inclusion and Inclusive Education: a Critical Examination of the Perspectives and Practices of Teachers in England. Educational Futures. The Journal of the British Education Studies Association.3(1), 52-65.
Hodkinson, A. (2010) Inclusive and Special Education within the English Education System: historical perspectives, recent developments and future challenges, British Journal of Special Education. 37(2), 61-67.
Hodkinson, A. & Devarakonda, C. (2009) Conceptions of Inclusion and Inclusive Education: a Critical Examination of the Perspectives and Practices of Teachers in India. International Journal of Research in Education, 8(2), 85-96.
Hodkinson, A. (2009) To date or not to date, that is the question: a critical examination of the employment of subjective time phrases in the teaching and learning of primary history, International Journal of Historical Learning, Teaching and Research, 8(2), 39-50.
Hodkinson, A. (2009) Pre-service teacher training and special educational needs in England 1970-2008: is government learning the lessons of the past or is it experiencing a groundhog day? European Journal of Special Needs Education, 24(3), 277-289.
Hodkinson, A. (2009) Are boys really better than girls at primary history - A critical examination of gender-related attainment differentials within the English educational system. International Journal of Historical Learning, Teaching and Research, 8(2), 50-62.
Hodkinson, A. (2009) Education Studies and Employability how do students and graduates define the subject and what do they perceive its vocational relevance to be? Educational Futures. The Journal of the British Education Studies Association, 2(1).
Hodkinson, A. (2007) Inclusive Education and the cultural representation of disability and Disabled People within the English Education System: a critical examination of the mediating influence of primary school textbooks. IARTEM – Journal of the International Association of Research into Textbooks and Educational Media. 1(1), 1-18.
[QAA] – (Hodkinson, A. et al.)  (2007) Education Studies Benchmark Statements. London: QAA.
Hodkinson, A. (2007) Inclusive education and the cultural representation of disability and Disabled people: a recipe for disaster or the catalyst for change? An examination of non-disabled primary school children’s attitudes to children with a disability, International Journal of Research in Education, 77, 56-76
Hodkinson, A. (2006) Conceptions and Misconceptions of Inclusive Education: One Year On; a Critical Examination of NQT’s Knowledge and Understanding of Inclusion, International Journal of Research in Education, 76, pp. 43-55. 
Hodkinson, A. (2006) Career Entry Development Profiles and the statutory induction arrangements in England: a model of effective practice for the professional development of Newly Qualified Teachers? Journal of In-Service Education, 32(3), 287-300. 
Hodkinson, A. (2005) Conceptions and Misconceptions of Inclusive Education: A Critical Examination of Final Year Teacher Trainees’ Knowledge and Understanding of Inclusion. International Journal of Research in Education, 73, 15-28.
Hodkinson, A. (2005) Maturation and the assimilation of the concepts of historical time, a symbiotic relationship, or uneasy bedfellows? An examination of the birth-date effect on educational performance in primary history. International Journal of Historical Learning, Teaching and Research, 4(2). 
Hodkinson, A. (2004) The social context of learning and the assimilation of historical time concepts: an indicator of academic performance or an unreliable metric? International Journal of Research in Education, 71, 50-65. 
Hodkinson, A. (2004) Does the National Curriculum for History and its Schemes of work effectively promote primary aged children’s assimilation of the concepts of historical time? Some observations based upon current research, Educational Research, 46(2), 99-119. 
Hodkinson, A. (2004). The Social Context of Learning: An Explanation and Examination of the Metric of History Cultural Capital, Tutkiva Opettaja, Journal of Teacher as Researcher, 1,166-179. 
Hodkinson, A. (2003) The usage of subjective temporal phrases within the National Curriculum for History and its Schemes of Work: Effective provision or a missed opportunity? Education, 3-13, 31(3), 28-34. 
Hodkinson, A. (2003) ‘History Howlers’ – Amusing Anecdotes or Symptoms of the Difficulties Children   have in the Retention and Ordering of Historical Knowledge?  Some observations based upon current research. International Journal of Research in Education, 70, 50-65. 
Conferences/ Presentations
Hodkinson, A. (2018) Keynote- Special needs education and inclusion, moving forward but standing still? A critical reframing of some key issues. World Congress of Special Education. Moller Institute, Churchill College, Cambridge.
Hodkinson, A. (2018). Fundamental British Values, British Educational Research Association Conference. Northumbria.
Hodkinson, A. (2018). Intertwangerlings symposium. International Congress of Qualitative Research, University of Illinois, U.S.A. 
Hodkinson, A. & Blundell, N. (2018) Pathologies of professionalism: Invoking controversial dialectic and duelling aporias –‘per fas et nefas,’ through a performative courtroom drama. International Congress of Qualitative Research, University of Illinois, U.S.A
Hodkinson, A. (2017) I don't drink coffee I take tea my dear. I like my toast done on one side.  I can feel it in my accent when I talk I’m a  . . .  Fundamental ‘British’ Values. Radicalising ‘British’ children into a manufactured concept of ‘British’ness. A problematization from an Englishman in Urbana Champaign. Invited Symposium, International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry - University of Illinois, U.S.A.
Hodkinson, A. (2017) I don't drink coffee I take tea my dear. I like my toast done on one side.  I can feel it in my accent when I talk I’m a  . . . Fundamental ‘British’ Values. Radicalising ‘British’ children into a manufactured concept of ‘British’ness. A problematization from an Englishman at Liverpool Hope. British Values Colloquial, Liverpool Hope University.
Hodkinson, A. (2016) The Unseeing Eye: Disability and the hauntology of Derrida’s ghost. A story in three parts. Centre for Cultural and Disability Studies. Liverpool Hope University.
Hodkinson, A. (2015) – Keynote - University of Chester. Illusionary Inclusion.
Hodkinson, A. (2014) Dangerous Ideas in Education – Arab Spring – the internet, disability and Teachers and the anti-democratic employment of school cyberspace. Invited Lecture. Liverpool Hope Distinguished Lecture Series.
Hodkinson, A. (2014) Textbooks and impairment – A case of misrepresentation. Invited seminar Edgehill University.
Hodkinson, A. (2013) ‘Textbooks and impairment’ - Avoidance in the Academy. The International Conference of Disability, Culture, and Education. Liverpool Hope University.
Hodkinson, A. (2013) The curious case of impairment and the school textbook. British Education Studies Association conference – University of Swansea.
Hodkinson, A. (2013) Colonisation of the Internet- the image of impairment and disability presented in schools’ intranet sites. Invited presentation Centre for Cultural and Disability Studies - Liverpool Hope University.
Hodkinson, A. (2012) Colonisation, disability and the internet. The ethnic cleansing of space? International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry - University of Illinois, U.S.A.
Hodkinson, A. (2012) Colonising the Internet- disability and ethnic cleansing.  British Education Studies Association conference – University of Hull.
Hodkinson, A. (2012) Invited presentation- ‘Illusionary inclusion’ – Centre for Learner Identity – University of Edgehill.
O'Connor, M., Hodkinson, A., Burton, D. & Torstensson, G. (2011) Are we really listening? An exploration of pupils’ with Behavioural, Emotional and Social Difficulties (BESD) journey’s through education utilising pupil voice. British Educational Research Association.  Institute of Education - London.
Hodkinson, A. (2011) Inclusion: a defining definition? British Education Studies Association conference - Manchester.
O'Connor, M., Hodkinson, A., Burton, D. & Torstensson, G. (2011) ‘Basically we would just say something and we would get ignored’ – pupil voice and young people with Behavioural, Emotional and Social Difficulties (BESD) reality or rhetoric? BESA Conference Manchester Metropolitan University - Manchester. 
Hodkinson, A. (2011) The image of disability represented in school textbooks. Invited presentation Centre for Cultural and Disability Studies - Liverpool Hope University.
O'Connor, M., Hodkinson, A., Burton, D. & Torstensson, G. (2010). Capturing the pupil voice – experiences of engaging young people with Behavioural, Emotional and Social Difficulties (BESD) in research. BESA Conference, Bangor University - Wales. 
O'Connor, M., Hodkinson, A., Burton, D. & Torstensson, G. (2010) Pupil voice - listening to and hearing the educational experiences of young people with Behavioural Emotional and Social Difficulties.    Paper presented at Transforming Troubled Lives: the impact of research, policy and practice on young people with social, emotional and behavioural difficulties, SEBDA International Conference -  Keble College, Oxford.
Hodkinson, A. and Deverokonda, C. (2010) For pity’s sake. Invited symposium at International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry - University of Illinois, U.S.A.  
Hodkinson, A. and Deverokonda, C. (2010) Globalising inclusion: For Pity’s Sake. British Education Studies Association conference - Bangor.
Hodkinson, A. and Deverokonda, C. (2009) Conceptions of Inclusion and Inclusive Education: a Critical Examination of the Perspectives and Practices of Teachers in India. British Education Studies Association conference - Stafford. 
Hodkinson, A. (2008). Primary Textbooks and Disability- a barrier to effective inclusion? Research Conference Faculty of Education, Community and Leisure, LJMU, Liverpool. 
Chew, M., Grant, D., Garratt, D. and Hodkinson, A. (2008) The evolution of home economics in England and Malaysia, International Federation of Home Economics World Congress for Home Economics - Lucerne, Switzerland.
Hodkinson, A. (2008) Education Studies and employability: How do students and graduates define the subject and what do they perceive its vocational relevance to be? British Education Studies Association conference - Liverpool.
Hodkinson, A. (2007) Conceptions of disability within primary textbooks: A barrier to effective inclusion? British Education Studies Association conference - Bath. 
Hodkinson, A. (2006). Career Entry Development Profiles: an effective model of professional development? British Education Studies Association conference Lincoln. 
Hodkinson, A. (2005) Children’s concepts and attitudes to disability: a barrier to effective inclusive education? Paper accepted for the British Educational Research Association conference - Glamorgan. 
Hodkinson, A. (2005) Non-Disabled children’s conceptualisation of disability and Disabled children: a review of work in progress. British Education Studies Association conference Chester. 
Hodkinson, A. (2004) Children’s conceptions of historical time: approaches to teaching learning and research, British Educational Research Association conference- Manchester. 
Other Publications 
Bartlett, S., Warren, S., Hodkinson, A, Wakeman, C, Ward S. (2015) Editorial, Educationalfutures The Journal of the British Education Studies Association Vol. 7 (2), 1-2.
Bartlett, S., Warren, S., Hodkinson, A, Wakeman, C, Ward S. (2015) Editorial, Educationalfutures The Journal of the British Education Studies Association Vol. 7 (1), 1-2.
Bartlett, S., Warren, S., Hodkinson, A, Wakeman, C, Ward S. (2014) Editorial, Educationalfutures The Journal of the British Education Studies Association Vol. 6 (2), 1-2.
Bartlett, S., Warren, S., Hodkinson, A, Wakeman, C, Ward S. (2014) Editorial, Educationalfutures The Journal of the British Education Studies Association Vol. 6 (1), 1-2.
Bartlett, S., Warren, S., Hodkinson, A, Wakeman, C, Ward S. (2013) Editorial, Educationalfutures The Journal of the British Education Studies Association Vol. 5 (3), 1-3.
Bartlett, S., Warren, S., Hodkinson, A, Wakeman, C, Ward S. (2013) Editorial, Educationalfutures The Journal of the British Education Studies Association Vol. 5 (1), 1-3.
Hodkinson, A. (2013) Review of Gross, J. (2013) Beating Bureaucracy in Special Educational Needs (2/e). Abingdon: Fulton -ISBN: 978 0 415 53374 4- NASEN.
Bartlett, S., Hodkinson, A. and Wakeman, C and Warren, S. (2012). Editorial, Educational Futures. The Journal of the British Education Studies Association, 4(1),1-2.
Hodkinson, A. & Nicol, J. (2011) Editorial Primary History, Historical Association. 59(Autumn): 5.
Hodkinson, A., Bignold, W., Bartlett, S., Wakeman, C. (2012) Editorial, Educational Futures. The Journal of the British Education Studies Association, 4(2),1-2.
Hodkinson, A. (2011) In My View. Primary History, Historical Association. 59(Autumn): 6-7.
Hodkinson, A. (2011) Practical Activities for teaching chronology. Primary History, Historical Association. 59(Autumn): 19-20.
Hodkinson, A. (2011) Primary History in the 21st Century: Back to the past? Primary History, Historical Association. 58.
Hodkinson, A. and Reynolds, A. (2011) How to teach Chronology- Primary History, Historical Association.
Bartlett, S., Hodkinson, A. and Wakeman, C and Warren, S. (2011). Editorial, Educational Futures. The Journal of the British Education Studies Association, 3(2),1-2.
Bartlett, S. Hodkinson, A., Wakeman, C. and Warren, S. (2011). Editorial, Educational Futures. The Journal of the British Education Studies Association, 2(3),1-2.
Bartlett, S., Hodkinson, A. and Wakeman, C. (2010) Editorial, Educational Futures. The Journal of the British Education Studies Association, 2(2),1-2.
Johnston, K., Hodkinson, A. and Vickerman, P. (2009) Editorial, Innovations in Practice, 1(3): 1.
Hodkinson, A. (2009) To date or not to date, that is the question: a critical examination of the employment of subjective time phrases in teaching and learning of primary history. London: Historical Association. 
Hodkinson, A. (2009) Planning for chronological understanding: areas of learning and the development of effective practice. Primary History, Historical Association 53, 17-19.
Hodkinson. A., Bartlett, S. and Hankin, L. (2009). Editorial, Educational Futures. The Journal of the British Education Studies Association, 2(1), 1.
Hodkinson, A. (2008) New teachers ill-equipped to deal with special needs pupils, Times Educational Supplement, 31/10/08. 
Hodkinson, A. (2008) The Use of the Visual Image in Primary Schools - Primary History, Historical Association, 48, 14-16. 
Hodkinson, A. (2007) Developing chronology: practical activities, E-Newsletter, April, The Historical Association: London. 
Hodkinson, A. (2006) A Matter of Time - Developing Chronology in Primary Schools, Times Educational Supplement. 
Hodkinson, A. (2006). Chronology Workshop, London: Teacher’s TV. 
Hodkinson, A. (2006). Developing Chronology at Key Stage 2, London: Teachers’ TV.
Hardaker, T. & Hodkinson, A. (2005). World Timeline, Educational Resource. London: Schofield & Simms. 
Hodkinson, A. (2005) Developing Children’s Understanding of Chronology. London: QCA. 
Hodkinson, A. (2004) Playing the dating game, Times Educational Supplement. 
Hodkinson, A. (2004) Questions you have always wanted to ask: photographic evidence, Primary History, Historical Association 24-25.
Hodkinson, A. (2003). Primary Children’s Developing Conceptions of historical time: analysing approaches to teaching and learning. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, University of Lancaster.
Hodkinson, A. (2002) A coordinator answers: The development of chronological understanding in Primary History, Primary History, Historical Association, 32-33.
Hodkinson, A. (2002) History Howlers- Amusing Anecdotes or Symptoms of the Difficulties Children have in the Retention and Ordering of Historical Knowledge. A short report, Primary History, Historical Association, 28-31.
Hodkinson, A. (2001) Enhancing temporal cognition in the Primary School, Primary History, Historical Association 11-14.
Hodkinson, A. (1999) Usage of Q.C.A History Scheme in Primary Schools, Primary History, Historical Association.
Hodkinson, A. (1998) The usage of photographic evidence, Primary History, Historical Association. 
Hodkinson, A. (1996) The condition of History in Primary Schools, Primary History- Historical Association. 
Hodkinson, A. (1995) Children’s Concepts of Historical Time, Teaching History, Historical Association.